What Is VA Loan: Reviews, Types, Eligibility, Application Process & Other Details

A VA Loan is a mortgage loan that is available through the program developed by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). These Mortgage loans are only available to qualified borrowers as a part of their military benefits, generally, this includes active-duty service members, and veterans however in some cases spouses may be qualified.

A VA Mortgage Loan is a government-insured mortgage loan option for Veterans, Service Members, and surviving spouses. These Mortgages are made by private lenders like mortgage companies and banks, and not the Department of Veterans Affairs. The VA Mortgage Loan offers competitive interest rates and terms that can be used to buy a single-family home, condominium, multi-unit property, manufactured house, and new construction.

If you are an active-duty service member or veteran looking for a mortgage loan, the VA Loans are best for you. The VA loans are backed by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs which offers a range of benefits to eligible borrowers including the ability to purchase a home with little or no money down. The VA Loans are a good alternative for buyers who are looking to borrow more than conforming loan limits allow. The VA Loans come with some unique fees and costs including VA funding fees, and VA loan appraisal.

What Is a VA Loan?

VA Loans are a type of mortgage loan funded and established by the U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs (VA) (previously the Veterans Administration). A VA Loan is a low or zero-down payment mortgage loan option offered to eligible Veterans and active duty service members and their families. The VA Mortgage loans are partially backed by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and provided by the Private Lenders. VA Loans typically offer lower interest rates and lower closing costs. The VA Loans offer more lenient requirements than conventional mortgage loans.

The Borrowers can only use a VA Mortgage Loan if they are going to buy what they are living in most of the time. They can not use it to purchase a vacation home or an investment property. However, the borrowers can use it to build a home, remodel a home, or make a home more accessible in case they have service-related disabilities. The borrowers can use the benefits of VA loans more than once during their lifetime.

How Does VA Loans Work?

A VA Mortgage Loan helps active service members, Veterans, and their surviving spouses to become homeowners. They provide up to 100% financing on the value of a home. The eligible borrowers can use the VA Loans to purchase or build a home, improve or repair a home, or refinance the mortgage. When eligible borrowers apply for the VA Mortgages, they need to provide the lenders with a certificate of eligibility from the VA.

To get the certificate the eligible borrowers have to produce their service-related documentation, which can vary based on whether they are active duty or veterans. The certificate can be obtained from the VA website. Getting the VA Loan is very similar to getting any other type of mortgage loan. The eligible borrowers need to apply and provide documentation of their income, assets, and employment. The lenders will review their credit history, Credit score, and income before applying for the specific loan amount.

VA Loan

What Are the Benefits of VA Loans?

The VA Mortgage Loans offer several benefits including potentially lower interest rates, often having no down payment requirement, no mortgage insurance, easier credit requirements, and additional pluses for disabled veterans. Here below are some of the benefits of VA Mortgage Loans:

  • Lower Interest Rates: VA Loans typically have lower interest rates the conventional loans, particularly for borrowers with credit issues. These mortgages are backed by the government and carry a lower risk for lenders and investors.
  • No Down Payment Requirements: VA Loans are one of the major Mortgage Options that typically don’t require a down payment. This means the borrowers will need less money upfront, and be able to serve or spend it on home furnishings or projects.
  • No Private Mortgage Insurance (PMI): VA Mortgage Loan doesn’t require Private Mortgage Insurance (PMI). This may save the borrowers between 0.1% – 2% of their Mortgage Loan amount per year until they reach 20% equity.
  • Lenient Borrowing Requirements: This Mortgage allows eligible borrowers with a higher DTI than other mortgage programs. If the borrower’s credit score is 620 or better, then the DTI to qualify can vary based on factors like credit score and down payment amount. In case, the borrower’s Credit Score is at least 580 but less than 620 then mortgage payment can’t account for more than 38% of gross monthly income.

What Are the Types of VA Mortgage Loans?

Similar to conventional loans, FHA Mortgage Loans, and other mortgage options, VA Loans can be used to buy a primary resident, refinance the existing mortgage, or make home improvements. Here are some of the common types of VA Mortgage Loans available under this program:

  • VA Purchase Mortgage: These Loans allow borrowers to purchase a home with no minimum down payments and no private mortgage insurance requirements.
  • VA Construction Loan: These Loans allow eligible service members to build the home of their dreams.
  • VA Cash-out Refinance: These Mortgage Loans allow borrowers to refinance their current mortgage loan for a larger amount than they currently own and receive the difference in money.
  • VA Streamline Refinance: The interest rate reduction refinance loan or VA streamline refinance loan allows eligible borrowers to refinance existing an existing VA Loans with a new one to reduce their monthly mortgage payments, shorten their loan term, and receive a lower rate of interest.
  • VA Rehab and Renovation Loan: These Loans allow eligible borrowers to finance both the purchase price of the Home and certain renovations for it within the single Packages.
  • Native American Direct Loans: These Mortgage Loans allow eligible Native American Veterans and their spouses to build, purchase, or improve homes on federal trust land.
  • VA Jumbo Loans: VA Jumbo Loans allow service members or veterans to finance the cost of improvements made to the home.

What Are the Eligibility For VA Loans?

To Apply for the VA Loans, the borrowers need to follow these eligibility requirements:

  • The eligible borrowers need to be currently active military service members, or they should be veterans who were discharged and met the minimum service requirements.
  • The borrower needs to be to serve 181 days of active service during peacetime.
  • The Borrowers need to be served at least 90 consecutive active days during wartime.
  • The Borrowers need to have served more than 6 years of service with the National Guard or Selective Reserves.
  • The Borrowers need to have Serve 90 days under Title 32 with at least 30 of those days being consecutive.
  • The Borrowers whose spouse died in the line of duty or as the result of a service-connected disability.
  • The Borrowers who meet both VA and lender guidelines related to things like credit score, debt-to-income ratio, and more.

How To Apply For VA Loans?

The VA itself does not provide the VA Mortgage Loans, However, the eligible borrowers need to apply with a bank, credit unions, or any Mortgage Lenders. Not all mortgage lenders offer the VA Loans but some of them offer.

Certificate of Eligibility (COE)

A certificate of Eligibility (COE) is a document that shows the mortgage lender that you are eligible for the VA Mortgage Loan. To get the COE the eligible borrowers need to demonstrate proof of service. It may vary based on whether you’re an active-duty military member, a veteran, a surviving spouse or otherwise qualify for a VA loan.

How To Apply For a VA Loan Certificate of Eligibility (COE)? 

The eligible borrowers can apply VA Loan Certificate of Eligibility (COE) by applying through the eBenefits portal online or through their lender. To Apply for the VA Loan Certificate of Eligibility (COE) borrowers need to provide some data based on their recent status. Eligible veterans need to provide a DD Form 214 and active duty service members need a signed statement of service. The statement of service may include Full name, Date of birth, Social Security number, The date you started duty, Any lost time, Name of the command providing the information, and much more.

Step-by-Step Process to Apply For a VA Loan

  1. First, Get preapproved for a VA Loan.
  2. Now Find your dream home and make an attractive purchase offer.
  3. If your offer is accepted, then borrowers need to sign a purchase contract with the buyer.
  4. Now eligible borrowers need to Await the results of the home inspection and VA home appraisal.
  5. Now you have to Submit any additional documents the underwriter needs to finish processing your loan.
  6. Finally, You have to Remit payment for closing costs and Then sign the closing documents.

VA Loan Review

VA loans are mortgage Loans guaranteed by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, which are available for eligible veterans, active-duty service members, and surviving spouses. Here are some Pros and Cons of VA Loans:


  • There is no down payment needed for the VA Mortgage Loans
  • There is No Private Mortgage Insurance (PMI) required for VA Loans.
  • The Eligible Borrowers need not require the minimum credit score.
  • The Eligible Borrowers need not require the maximum loan amount
  • It’s easy to refinance in case interest rates fall in VA Loans.


  • The Borrowers have to pay higher interest payments because there is no Down Payment requirement in VA.
  • VA funding fee is an added cost In the VA Mortgage Loans.
  • Financing the funding fee it means the eligible borrowers have to pay more interest.
  • In the VA Mortgage Loans, Lenders still have their own credit score requirements.
  • The borrowers could end up owing more than the home is worth with $0 down

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Question 1: What Are VA Loan Limits?

Answer: The VA Loan limits help determine how much veterans with diminished VA loan entitlement can borrow before needing to make the down payments.

Question 2: What are the VA funding fees?

Answer: The VA Funding fees are the government fees applied to every VA purchase and refinance a loan. The VA funding fee is set by Congress and goes straight to the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to help fund the Loan Program.

Question 3: Is a VA Loan a Good Option?

Answer: VA Loans are the most powerful loan option in the market. These mortgage loans come with a list of big-time benefits, including zero down payments, no mortgage insurance, flexible and forgiving credit guidelines, and the industry’s lowest average fixed interest rates.

Question 4: Are VA Loans risky?

Answer: The long-time misconception about zero-down payment loans is inherently risky. However, the reality is that VA loans have been the safest mortgage loans on the market for the last 15 years.

The Bottom Lines

If you are an eligible military service member or veteran who is looking to purchase a home or refinance an existing mortgage they should explore the VA Mortgage Loan options. The VA loan’s unique benefits can help you purchase your dream home you might not be able to otherwise. But you will still need to shop around for the best price and make sure you can afford the monthly payments comfortably.

I'm Josh Anderson, A Freelance Content Writer, Author, And Blogger having a Couple of years of experience In Real Estate and Mortgage Industry. I started This Blog in 2023, and It is the Mortgage and Real Estate Based Blog in United States of America. I specialize in creating top notch contents based on Real Estate and Mortgage to help individuals for Purchasing their Dream Property throughout the America.

Leave a Comment